By overlaying global datasets on ecosystem distribution and hazard exposure, the Opportunity Mapping tool highlights areas where ecosystem restoration and / or protection can be used to protect the greatest number of people globally.
The potential users of the global Opportunity Mapping tool for Eco-DRR are decision makers and practitioners within governments, communities, the private sector and international development agencies, who want to translate global agreements into coordinated national action plans, legislations, and development programs. The Opportunity Mapping tool adds value for both ecosystems management and disaster risk management.
Mangrove ecosystems, for instance, regulate and mitigate the impact of coastal hazards such as storm surge, sea level rise, flooding, erosion and salt intrusion.
Additionally, mangroves provide a source of food, timber, pharmaceuticals and habitat for fisheries, which reduces the vulnerability of neighboring.
Restoring ecosystems, through replanting trees and maintenance of habitats on slopes, for example, can reduce the risk of landslides after heavy rain.